Introduction To The Standard Model:
Historical introduction patterns/symmetries and models of the
fundamental entities.
Elementary particles - the modern view
(quarks, leptons, antiparticles, hadrons).
Forces of nature (electromagnetic, strong, weak, gravity).
Gauge Bosons (photon, gluon, W^{±} and Z^{0}, graviton).
Strength and range of interactions. Natural units.
Four vectors. Klein-Gordon equation and anti-particles.
Revision of particle scattering in Quantum Mechanics.
The Electromagnetic Interaction:
Introduction to virtual particle exchange,
propagators and Feynman diagrams.
Electromagnetic interaction vertices (Quantum Electrodynamics).
Some examples of pure QED processes.
e^{+}e^{-} annihilation
Strong interaction:
Quantum Chromodynamics.
The strong force, gluons and colour.
Properties of QCD; quark confinement, hadronic jets,
asymptotic freedom and bound quark states.
Strong interaction vertices.
Experimental evidence for gluons, colour and the running of the
strong coupling constant.
Quark Model of Hadrons:
Discovery of the J/Psi.
Resonances, particle decay and lifetimes, partial widths.
The charmonium system..
Bottomonium and the b quark.
C and P discrete symmetries.
Models of light quark mesons.
Quark structure of baryons.
Meson and baryon masses and magnetic moments.
Spin, Helicity and the Dirac Equation:
Relativistic quantum mechanics.
The Weyl equations and Weyl spinors.
Antiparticles, spin and helicity.
Spin in e^{+}e^{-} annihilation.
The Dirac Equation .
Dirac spinors .
Lorentz structure of the interactions .
Weak Interaction:
Fermi Theory of beta-decay.
Beta decay and parity violation.
V-A theory.
Origin of parity violation.
Helicity in charged pion decay.
W bosons and the charged weak current.
Weak interaction of leptons and quarks.
Weak interaction vertices.
Cabibbo supression and the CKM matrix.
Electroweak Unification:
Electroweak Unification and the Glashow-Weinberg-Salam Model.
The weak neutral current and the Z^{0} resonance.
Particle detection using the Opal detector as an example.
Precision tests of the Standard Model at the
Large Electron Positron collider (LEP).
The Standard Model and Beyond:
Implications of current data.
A brief history of the top quark.
Neutrino oscillations, neutrino masses and neutrino detection.
The Higgs Boson and its (non-)discovery.
Grand Unification and Supersymmetry (if time allows).
The many remaining mysteries.
MAT, 17-Oct-2004