OPAL Track Trigger

The OPAL Track Trigger

Bunches of electrons and positrons collide in LEP every 22 microseconds. The trigger of OPAL had the task of deciding, within this time, whether an interesting interaction had taken place. The track trigger was an essential component of this system, whose job was to decide whether there were any charged tracks emanating from the collision point. The time is too short for software to be used to analyse the data, so a dedicated hardware processor was designed at Cambridge, in collaboration with the DRAL electronics group and QMW London.

The track trigger took data on the z-coordinate of hits from the vertex drift chamber, and from three groups of 12 wires in the main jet chamber. A track coming from the interaction region should show hits at the same value of z/r = cot(theta) on all wires, whereas a displaced track would show up at different values of z/r. The values of z/r are therefore histogrammed for each group of wires, and coincidences sought in order to supply a trigger. The angles of the tracks found are also passed to the central trigger, where associations with the outer detectors may be performed.